Hypothyroidism or Underactive Thyroid is a common problem in people in which the thyroid gland cannot produce the right amount of thyroid hormone. Although iodine is the main cause of hypothyroidism, the problem of hypothyroidism arises due to a lack of iodine in the body. Whoever has the problem of hypothyroidism slows down the body’s development and also reduces metabolism. Through this article, we are talking about the hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid symptoms female, causes, treatment, and all the other details.
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What Is Underactive Thyroid (Hypothyroidism)?
Hypothyroidism is also called underactive thyroid disease. This is a common disorder. This is when your thyroid gland cannot produce enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is more common in females.
There are many disorders that can cause thyroid. Disorders such as autoimmune disorders, immune disorders, thyroid removal (Pituitary disease), and iodine deficiency are the main ones.
The thyroid gland is controlled by another gland, known as the pituitary gland. Hormones in our body are released through the bloodstream by the pituitary gland.
The release of hormones affects almost all parts of our body, from our heart and brain to muscles and skin. In this way, the main purpose of thyroid hormones is to control the metabolism of the body.
Stages Of Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid)
Hypothyroidism or the underactive thyroid symptoms female has a total of 4 stages. Let’s now know in details about these stages of underactive thyroid
The level of TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) increases from 3 to 5.5 mlU / L in subclinical hypothyroidism.
TSH levels can be increased from 5.5 to 10 mlU / L and thyroxine (ThyroxineT4) levels can be lowered, bringing the T4 level to normal levels in most patients. T3 levels do not drop much until the disease develops.
A person has moderate hypothyroidism when his or her TSH levels are within the range of 10 to 20 mlU / L and when their T3 and T4 are at low levels. In the case of women, it is very important that hypothyroidism is treated by testing it on time, as it increases the risk of miscarriage and fetal death in women.
Hypothyroidism, if not treated in a timely manner, may increase to the form of Myxedema Coma. Myxedema coma is a very dangerous condition, characterized by very low production of thyroid hormone. The body becomes unable to withstand stress, cold weather, and surgery, etc. in this situation. The patient faces physical weakness, confusion, body swelling, etc.
Causes of Hypothyroidism or Underactive Thyroid
Hypothyroidism is a very common condition. An estimated 3% to 5% of the total population suffers from hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid symptom female occurs in women more than men, and the risk of this increases with their age. Some of the common causes of hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid symptoms female are:
Pituitary Or Hypothalamus Disease
When the pituitary gland or hypothalamus, for some reason, becomes unable to signal the thyroid and instructs thyroid hormones to be produced, T4 and T3 levels begin to drop, even if the thyroid gland is normal. If this effect is caused by pituitary diseases, the condition is called ‘Secondary Hypothyroidism’ and if the same effect is caused by hypothalamus diseases then it is called tertiary ‘Hypothyroidism’.
In areas of the world where iodine deficiency is found in the diet, from 5% to 15% of the population is suffering from severe iodine deficiency disease (Severe Hypothyroidism).
Diseases of severe iodine deficiency are also seen in people living in remote mountainous areas, such as in the Himalayan and Andes regions. To overcome this deficiency, Table Salt is increased in salt and iodine in bread. Iodine deficiency is rarely seen in countries like America.
Lymphocytic thyroiditis refers to inflammation of the thyroid gland. When inflammation is caused by a particular type of white blood, it is known as lymphocytic. This condition is also called lymphocytic thyroiditis.
Hashimoto thyroiditis usually occurs when the thyroid gland enlarges (in the English language this disease is called Goiter) and reduces the ability to make thyroid hormones.
It is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system invades thyroid tissues in an inappropriate manner. This condition is partly thought to be the basis of heredity.
When there is a lack of blood supply in that part of the brain due to surgery or for some reason, it results in Pituitary Injury. In this case of a pituitary wound the TSH level released by the pituitary gland decreases and the blood level in TSH also decreases significantly. The result is hypothyroidism because the thyroid gland is no longer stimulated by the pituitary TSH.
Patients who have been treated for hypothyroid status and have taken radioactive iodine therapy and their thyroid tissues have reduced or stopped functioning after treatment, thus The chances of this depend on the amount of iodine consumed by the patient or the size of the patient’s thyroid gland and its activity.
Some drugs contain significant amounts of iodine, including amiodarone / Cordarone, Lugol’s solution, and potassium iodide, which can cause changes in thyroid function. This can also result in low levels of thyroid hormone in the blood.
Underactive Thyroid Symptoms Female
The symptoms and signs of hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid are basically based on the decrease in thyroid hormone production and its severity. In general, there are many problems related to it, which have been growing in us for years.
- Feeling cold
- Dry skin
- Swelling on face
- Weight gain
- Increased cholesterol levels in the blood
- Muscle weakness
- Muscle pain, stiffness, and tenderness
- Pain with joint swelling and stiffness
- Irregular and abnormal menstruation
- Deterioration of memory
- Slow heart rate
- Hair fall
Prevention of Hypothyroidism (Underactive Thyroid)
Hypothyroidism can be treated based on their common Underactive Thyroid symptoms female, although medications may also be needed to maintain normal thyroid status. Treatment for thyroid-related cancer has been found, but the treatment of hypothyroidism, in general, requires hormone replacement. Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid symptoms female can also be prevented by making some lifestyle changes like-
- Follow an Iodine-rich diet by consuming in limited quantities, its excessive intake can also lead to other health problems.
- Reduce stress
- Drink filtered water, as the water contains fluoride which increases the risk of the thyroid.
- Do not eat too much fatty food.
- Exercise daily and maintain your healthy weight
- Stop smoking if you smoke
Diet Plan For Underactive Thyroid (Hypothyroidism)
Everyone in the Underactive Thyroid (Hypothyroidism) struggles with the problem of which diet to eat and which not to. That’s why we have brought you, a week-long diet plan for hypothyroidism, that you can control your underactive thyroid symptoms female.
|Early Morning||Cinnamon water (one fourth teaspoon cinnamon + one cup of water)5 soaked almonds / dry fruits (5-7)|
|Breakfast||2 Besan Chilla or 2 whole-grain roti or 2 egg omelets with vegetables|
|Mid-Morning Snacks||1 Orange or 1 bowl Papaya or 1 banana|
|Lunch||2 Whole Grain Bread½ bowl Gourd Chana Dal1 bowl Curd / 5-7 pieces Paneer1 medium plate Salad|
|Evening Snack||1 cup Turmeric tea½ bowl Roasted sweet potato|
|Dinner||½ bowl Dal / Vegetable porridge / Khichdi +
1 medium plate Salad
|Bedtime Snack||1 glass Turmeric milk|
A healthy diet, regular exercise, proper nutrition, and less stress reduce the risk of all your thyroid-related diseases.
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